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What happens if I don’t pay my council tax?
Council tax is a ‘priority bill’. This means that if you don’t pay it – or make late payments – you could face unpleasant consequences such as court-appointed bailiffs.
Once a bailiff gets hold of your debt, it can be difficult to get them to agree to affordable instalments. If you try talking to the council, they’ll often refer you back to the bailiff, which puts you back to square one. Talk about maddening!
Our latest Statistics Mid-Year Update highlighted that council tax arrears are a big issue for clients. In the first half of 2018, almost a third of people coming to us for help were behind on their council tax bill. That’s more than any other household bill.
If paying your council tax bill is becoming a problem, it’s best to get expert debt advice as soon as possible.
What happens if I miss my council tax payment?
If you’re more than 14 days late paying a council tax instalment your local authority will send you a reminder letter. If you make the payment within seven days of getting that letter, you’ll be able to carry on paying your instalments as normal. But if you don’t, here’s where it gets tricky.
If you don’t make the payment within seven days, your local authority can ask you to pay the whole council tax for the rest of the year. Then you only have another seven days to pay the whole amount. If not, your local authority can take you to court.
What happens if I get taken to court over council tax?
It’s a different process depending on whether you live in England/Wales, or Scotland, so here’s a run-down of what could happen if your council decides to take you to court.
Court and council tax in England or Wales
You’ll get what’s called a ‘summons’ in the post, which’ll give you a date and time for a court hearing. Just so you know, there’ll also be an extra charge added to your debt at this point.
At the hearing, a magistrate will issue a ‘liability order’, which then gives your local authority permission to collect the unpaid council tax.
They’ll have several options to collect the debt, and the most common ways are:
- Using bailiffs or ‘enforcement agents’
- Taking payments straight from your wages, which is called an attachment of earnings
- Taking payments from your benefits (£3.70 a week can be taken from income support, income-based jobseekers allowance, income-related employment and support allowance or pension credit. Enough money needs to be left for you to live off, however.)
If there are no other ways to collect the debt, the local authority could also use the options below.
- If you owe more than £1,000, they could secure the debt to your home using a charging order
- If you owe more than £5,000 in England, they could make you bankrupt
- They could send you to prison for up to three months. This is extremely rare and only used when someone is deliberately refusing to pay, and they can’t send you to prison if any of the other methods above could be used instead
Again, these three options are rare and only used as a last resort, but it’s important to know all the ways the council could potentially collect the unpaid council tax.
Court and council tax in Scotland
Your local authority will apply to the sheriff court for a summary warrant. A fee of 10% of the outstanding council tax will also be added when this happens.
You’ll then be sent a ‘charge for payment’ letter asking you to pay the amount due within 14 days. What you need to do next is complete the ‘time to pay order’ form sent with the letter, and return it to the sheriff’s office with an offer of payment.
If your offer’s accepted and you make the payments as agreed, your local authority won’t take any more action.
If you don’t apply for a time to pay order, or don’t make the agreed payments, they’ll try to collect the unpaid tax by:
- taking payments straight from your wages using an earnings arrestment, or
- taking money straight from your bank account using a bank arrestment.
Like the options in England & Wales, local authorities also have the following options. But, these should only be used as a last resort if there’s no other way to collect the arrears.
- Sheriff officers could take goods from outside or inside your home
- If you owe more than £3,000, sequestration (Scottish bankruptcy) could be an option
Can I get my council tax cheaper?
Not enough people know that you might qualify for council tax relief if:
- You live on your own
- You live with a full-time student, apprentice or someone who is ‘severely mentally impaired’
- You’re on a low income
- You’re above pension age
- Someone in your house is disabled and the property has been adapted
If you’re not sure, or just curious, you can use our online benefits calculator to see if you’re entitled to any help with your council tax.
Council tax is charged in bands, where more expensive houses are in a higher band and pay a higher annual bill. Band A is the cheapest and bands H and I are the most expensive. Check your council tax bill to see which band your house is in.
If you think your band is wrong, you can ask for it to be reassessed. You can save money if your house is changed to a lower band, but it’s not guaranteed, and could even go up! There’s loads of useful info on lowering bands on MoneySavingExpert.com if you’re looking into it.
I need help with my council tax arrears
If you’ve missed council tax payments, are struggling with arrears, or received letters from your council about missed payments, it’s important to get debt help before your local authority takes any further action.